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Home > Products > Windows > Germanium (Ge) Windows

Germanium Windows

     ar-coated-germanium-window     ar-DLC-coated-germanium-window

Applications of Germanium Windows

Germanium windows are widely used in the infrared (IR) region with a wavelength of 2 to 20um, where Ge single crystals have higher internal transmission. The refractive index of single crystal germanium is relatively high, so an anti-reflection film needs to be coated to increase the transmittance of the germanium window. And coated with some functional films, germanium windows can be used reliably in harsh outdoor environments for a long time.

Types of Germanium Windows

According to the geometry, typical germanium window types are round, rectangular, step, polygonal, etc.

Creator Optics can provide premium quality custom germanium windows. All of these custom germanium windows are designed for precision infrared optics and laser systems. The light transmission rate is high, and the transmitted beam has little or no distortion. The circumference is ground and both sides are chip-free beveled. All parameters of germanium windows can be customized according to customer requirements. The material is an infrared grade germanium crystal. Available in a variety of optical coatings, these windows are widely used in infrared detectors and infrared imaging systems.

Coatings of Gwemanium Windows

Specifications of Germanium (Ge) Windows:

     germanium-window      germanium-window-DWG

Specifications S1 S2
Dimensions 1mm to 300mm, customized available
Thickness 0.2mm to 50mm , customized available
Dimensions Tolerance +/-0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance +/-0.05mm
Edge fine ground fine ground
Chamfer/Bevel minimum 0.2 x 45° minimum 0.2 x 45°
Flatness 1/10 lambda per inch @10.6um
Parallelism 30 arc sec 3 arc min
Surface Qulitity 60/40 60/40
Clear Aperture >90% >90%
Coating AR/AR coating at 3-5 and 8-12 microns, AR+DLC @ 7-14um, customized available

Material properties of Germanium Windows
Transimission Range 1.8 to 23 micron
Refractive Index 4.0026 @ 11um
Reflection Loss 53% @ 11um
Absorption Coefficient <0.027 cm-1 @ 10.6um
Reststrahlen Peak N/A
dn/dT 396 x 10-6 /°C
dn/du = 0 almost constant
Density 5.33 g/cc
Melting Point 936°C
Thermal Conductivity 58.61 W m-1 K-1 @ 293K
Thermal Expansion 6.1 x 10-6/°C @ 298K
Hardness Knoop 780
Specific Heat Capacity 310 J Kg-1 K-1
Dielectric Constant 16.6 @ 9.37GHz @300K
Youngs Modulus (E) 102.7 GPa
Shear Modulus (G) 67 GPa
Bulk Modulus (K) 77.2 GPa
Elastic Coefficients C11=129 C12=48.3 C44=67.5
Apparent Elastic Limit 89.6MPa (13,000 psi)
Poisson Ratio 0.28
Solubility insoluble in water
Molecular Weight 72.59
Class/Structure Cubic Diamond, Fd3m

* For more information or custom requests, please contact us.

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